Eye Conditions

Recognise the symptoms and risk factors associated with eye conditions that may affect your vision

Many eye conditions show no symptoms at all until they reach an advanced stage and begin to affect the accuracy and strength of your eyesight. If left untreated, some conditions can cause complete vision loss.

Recognition of the symptoms that are likely to affect your vision as well as the ability to spot changes in your eyesight is essential. Below, we’ve created a short summary of the common eye conditions that we see in practice on a daily basis.


Blepharitis can affect anyone, but is more often seen in older people. It is a common complaint that leaves the rim of your eyelids feeling sore and quite swollen. In turn, this causes your eyes to feel uncomfortable and irritated. This can become a recurring problem if not treated by an experienced optometrist.


Glaucoma is one of the most common eye conditions in the UK and affects around 2% of people aged over 40. Without regular care and treatment, this condition can lead to tunnel vision. It is vital that the condition is detected early on in order to minimise the risk of vision loss. Put simply, glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve. The risk factors include family history, age and diabetes.

Diabetic retinopathy

This condition affects more people with diabetes. It is the leading cause of blindness in people of the working age in the UK, but if detected early on and treated effectively, vision loss can be prevented in 90% of cases. Diabetes affects the tiny blood vessels of your eye, and if these vessels become blocked or leak, then the retina and your vision will be affected. People with diabetes should attend more frequent eye health appointments.

Myopia (short-sightedness)

Myopia, or short-sightedness, occurs when light from distant objects forms an image before it reaches the retina, the opposite effect to long-sightedness. It means that you will have clear vision when focussing on nearby objects but blurred vision when looking at distant objects. This can easily be corrected by contact lenses or spectacles.

Hyperopia (long-sightedness)

Better known as long-sightedness, Hyperopia occurs either because the eye is too short or doesn’t refract light well enough. Images of nearby objects form behind the retina instead of on it. This can be corrected with prescription lenses.

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is more widely linked with age. It occurs when the cells of the macula become damaged and stop working. Many people with the condition find that vision slowly deteriorates by gradual central blurring and faded colour. This condition is not painful but is a common cause of poor eyesight in people over the age of 60.

Dry eye

Dry eye is one of the most common conditions that we see in practice. It is caused by the quality of the tear film that lubricates the eye, causing many people’s eyes to feel itchy and irritated. It can also lead to excessive tearing, redness and discomfort while watching TV and reading books.

Now that you have a basic understanding of these conditions, it is vital that you are vigilant towards the symptoms. If you notice any changes in your vision it is important that you book an appointment with our experienced optometrist straight away.

Many of these conditions are treatable, but for the most effective treatment to work, they need to be detected at an early stage. Regular eye examinations will help us to detect these conditions before they cause permanent damage to your eye health.


Booking a comprehensive eye examination with our experienced and passionate optometrist is easy. Simply call us on 01354 652 418 and speak to a member of our friendly team, or visit our book an appointment page and we will call you to confirm your appointment.